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False Friends in Slavic Languages


Include Slavic and English annotation in result: meanings, synonyms, grammar, comments

Polish ‘obywatel’

The database knows following meanings of the Polish word ‘obywatel’:

  • citizen
  • inhabitant

Semasiological map for ‘*obyvatělь’

The database has information related to this term for Belarusian, Russian and Ukrainian.

Polish ‘obywatel’:

  • The Polish meaning ‘citizen’ is unique.
  • The Polish meaning ‘inhabitant’ is unique.
  • The meaning ‘everyman, middlebrow’ (not present in Polish ‘obywatel’) is attested in Belarusian абывацель, Russian обыватель and Ukrainian обиватель.
  • The meaning ‘petty bourgeois’ (not present in Polish ‘obywatel’, translated as ‘drobnomieszczanin’) is attested in Russian обыватель.
  • The meaning ‘Philistine’ (not present in Polish ‘obywatel’, translated as ‘kołtun, filister’) is attested in Russian обыватель.
Polish
obywatel
Meaning:
  1. citizen
  2. inhabitant
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Belarusian
абывацель
Meaning:
  • everyman, middlebrow
Polish
obywatel
Meaning in Russian:
  1. гражданин / citizen
  2. житель, обитатель / inhabitant
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Russian
обыватель
Meaning in Polish:
  1. everyman, middlebrow
  2. drobnomieszczanin / petty bourgeois
  3. kołtun, filister / Philistine
Polish
obywatel
Meaning:
  1. citizen
  2. inhabitant
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Ukrainian
обиватель
Meaning:
  • everyman, middlebrow

Semasiological Map for *obyvatělь

*obyvatělь

Meanings:

‘everyman, middlebrow’
‘citizen’
‘inhabitant’
‘petty bourgeois’
‘Philistine’
no such word
no information yet
*obyvatělь
Meanings
everyman, middlebrow citizen inhabitant petty bourgeois Philistine
Russian обыватель+++
Ukrainian обиватель+
Belarusian абывацель+
Polish obywatel++
Meanings everyman, middlebrow citizen inhabitant petty bourgeois Philistine

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