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False Friends in Slavic Languages


Include Slavic and English annotation in result: meanings, synonyms, grammar, comments

Russian ‘худой’

The database knows following meanings of the Russian word ‘худой’:

  • thin (man, animal)
  • bad, wretched

Semasiological map for ‘*chudъ’

The database has information related to this term for Czech, Polish, Slovak, Slovenian, Lower Sorbian and Upper Sorbian.

Russian ‘худой’:

  • The Russian meaning ‘thin’ is shared by Polish chudy and Slovak chudý.
  • The Russian meaning ‘bad, wretched’ is unique.
  • The meaning ‘poor’ (not present in Russian ‘худой’, translated as ‘бедный’) is attested in Czech chudý, Lower Sorbian chudy and Upper Sorbian chudy.
  • The meaning ‘bad’ (not present in Russian ‘худой’) is attested in Slovenian hud.
  • The meaning ‘harsh, difficult’ (not present in Russian ‘худой’) is attested in Slovenian hudi.
  • The meaning ‘sharp dog, severe’ (not present in Russian ‘худой’, translated as ‘оштрий’) is attested in Slovenian hud.
Russian
худой
Meaning in Czech:
  1. hubený / thin (man, animal)
  2. špatný / bad, wretched
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Czech
chudý
Meaning in Russian:
  • бедный / poor
Russian
худой
Meaning:
  1. thin (man, animal)
  2. bad, wretched
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Polish
chudy
Meaning:
  • thin
Russian
худой
Meaning:
  1. thin (man, animal)
  2. bad, wretched
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Slovak
chudý
Meaning:
  • thin (person)
Russian
худой
Meaning in Slovenian:
  1. suh človek / thin (man, animal)
  2. bad, wretched
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Slovenian
I.   hudi
Meaning:
  • harsh, difficult
II.  hudMeaning in Russian:
  1. bad
  2. оштрий / sharp dog, severe
Russian
худой
Meaning in Lower Sorbian:
  1. śańki / thin (man, animal)
  2. bad, wretched
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Lower Sorbian
chudy
Meaning in Russian:
  • бедный / poor
Russian
худой
Meaning in Upper Sorbian:
  1. ćeńki / thin (man, animal)
  2. bad, wretched
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Upper Sorbian
chudy
Meaning in Russian:
  • бедный / poor

Semasiological Map for *chudъ

*chudъ

Meanings:

‘poor’
‘thin’
‘bad, wretched’
‘bad’
‘harsh, difficult’
‘sharp dog, severe’
no such word
no information yet
*chudъ
Meanings
poor thin bad, wretched bad harsh, difficult sharp dog, severe
Russian худой+
man, animal
+
Polish chudy+
Lower Sorbian chudy+
Upper Sorbian chudy+
Czech chudý+
Slovak chudý+
person
Slovenian hudi+
Slovenian hud++
Meanings poor thin bad, wretched bad harsh, difficult sharp dog, severe

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