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False Friends in Slavic Languages


Include Slavic and English annotation in result: meanings, synonyms, grammar, comments

Polish ‘tykwa’

The database knows following meanings of the Polish word ‘tykwa’:

  • bottle-gourd
  • ‘Lagenaria’

Semasiological map for ‘*tykva’

The database has information related to this term for Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovenian and Ukrainian.

Polish ‘tykwa’:

  • The Polish meaning ‘bottle-gourd’ is unique.
  • The Polish meaning ‘‘Lagenaria’’ is unique.
  • The meaning ‘pumpkin’ (not present in Polish ‘tykwa’, translated as ‘dynia’) is attested in Bosnian tikva, Bulgarian тиква, Croatian tikva, Czech tykev, Macedonian тиква, Russian тыква, Serbian тиква and Slovak tekvica.
  • The meaning ‘sweet melon’ (not present in Polish ‘tykwa’) is attested in Czech tykev.
  • The meaning ‘gourd’ (not present in Polish ‘tykwa’) is attested in Czech tykev.

NB: No information yet for Kashubian, Lower Sorbian and Upper Sorbian.

Polish
tykwa
Meaning:
  1. bottle-gourd
  2. ‘Lagenaria’
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Belarusian
- no corresponding term.
Polish
tykwa
Meaning:
  1. bottle-gourd
  2. ‘Lagenaria’
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Bosnian
tikva
Meaning in Polish:
  • dynia / pumpkin
Polish
tykwa
Meaning:
  1. bottle-gourd
  2. ‘Lagenaria’
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Bulgarian
тиква
Meaning in Polish:
  • dynia / pumpkin
Polish
tykwa
Meaning:
  1. bottle-gourd
  2. ‘Lagenaria’
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Croatian
tikva
Meaning in Polish:
  • dynia / pumpkin
Polish
tykwa
Meaning:
  1. bottle-gourd
  2. ‘Lagenaria’
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Czech
tykev
Meaning in Polish:
  1. dynia / pumpkin
  2. sweet melon
  3. gourd
Polish
tykwa
Meaning:
  1. bottle-gourd
  2. ‘Lagenaria’
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Macedonian
тиква
Meaning in Polish:
  • dynia / pumpkin
Polish
tykwa
Meaning in Russian:
  1. горлянка / bottle-gourd
  2. ‘Lagenaria’
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Russian
тыква
Meaning in Polish:
  • dynia / pumpkin
Polish
tykwa
Meaning:
  1. bottle-gourd
  2. ‘Lagenaria’
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Serbian
тиква
Meaning in Polish:
  • dynia / pumpkin
Polish
tykwa
Meaning:
  1. bottle-gourd
  2. ‘Lagenaria’
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Slovak
tekvica
Meaning in Polish:
  • dynia / pumpkin
Polish
tykwa
Meaning:
  1. bottle-gourd
  2. ‘Lagenaria’
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Slovenian
tikva
Meaning:
    Polish
    tykwa
    Meaning:
    1. bottle-gourd
    2. ‘Lagenaria’
    Map
    Bibliography
    List
    Wikibook
    Ukrainian
    - no corresponding term.

    Semasiological Map for *tykva

    *tykva

    Meanings:

    ‘pumpkin’
    ‘sweet melon’
    ‘bottle-gourd’
    ‘‘Lagenaria’’
    ‘gourd’
    no such word
    no information yet
    *tykva
    Meanings
    pumpkin sweet melon bottle-gourd ‘Lagenaria’ gourd
    Russian тыква+
    Ukrainian
    Belarusian
    Polish tykwa++
    Czech tykev+++
    Slovak tekvica+
    Slovenian tikva
    Croatian tikva+
    Bosnian tikva+
    Serbian тиква+
    Macedonian тиква+
    Bulgarian тиква+
    Meanings pumpkin sweet melon bottle-gourd ‘Lagenaria’ gourd

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