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False Friends in Slavic Languages


Include Slavic and English annotation in result: meanings, synonyms, grammar, comments

Bulgarian ‘бабка’

The database knows following meanings of the Bulgarian word ‘бабка’:

  • grandmother
  • woman (pejorative)

Semasiological map for ‘*babьka’

The database has information related to this term for Belarusian, Czech, Polish, Russian, Slovenian, Lower Sorbian and Ukrainian.

Bulgarian ‘бабка’:

  • The Bulgarian meaning ‘grandmother’ is shared by Belarusian бабка, Czech babička, Polish babka, Russian бабка, Slovenian babica and Lower Sorbian babka.
  • The Bulgarian meaning ‘woman’ is shared by Lower Sorbian babka.
  • The meaning ‘old woman’ (not present in Bulgarian ‘бабка’) is attested in Belarusian бабка, Polish babka, Polish babki and Russian бабка.
  • The meaning ‘midwife’ (not present in Bulgarian ‘бабка’) is attested in Slovenian babica and Lower Sorbian babka.
  • The meaning ‘rough boletus a mushroom (not present in Bulgarian ‘бабка’) is attested in Belarusian бабка.
  • The meaning ‘a sort of cake’ (not present in Bulgarian ‘бабка’) is attested in Belarusian бабка, Polish babka, Polish babki and Ukrainian бабка.

NB: No information yet for Bosnian, Croatian, Kashubian, Macedonian, Serbian, Slovak and Upper Sorbian.

Bulgarian
бабка
Meaning:
  1. grandmother
  2. woman (pejorative)
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Belarusian
бабка
Meaning:
  1. old woman
  2. grandmother
  3. rough boletus a mushroom
  4. a sort of cake
Bulgarian
бабка
Meaning:
  1. grandmother
  2. woman (pejorative)
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Czech
babička
Meaning:
  • grandmother
Bulgarian
бабка
Meaning:
  1. grandmother
  2. woman (pejorative)
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Polish
I.   babka
Meaning:
  1. old woman
  2. grandmother
  3. a sort of cake
  4. plantain
II.  babkiMeaning:
  1. old woman
  2. a sort of cake
Bulgarian
бабка
Meaning in Russian:
  1. бабушка / grandmother
  2. женщина / woman (pejorative)
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Russian
I.   бабка
Meaning:
  1. old woman
  2. grandmother
II.  бабкиMeaning:
  • money, lettuce
Bulgarian
бабка
Meaning:
  1. grandmother
  2. woman (pejorative)
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Slovenian
babica
Meaning:
  1. grandmother
  2. midwife
Bulgarian
бабка
Meaning:
  1. grandmother
  2. woman (pejorative)
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Lower Sorbian
babka
Meaning:
  1. grandmother
  2. woman
  3. midwife
Bulgarian
бабка
Meaning:
  1. grandmother
  2. woman (pejorative)
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Ukrainian
бабка
Meaning:
  1. a sort of cake
  2. dragonfly

Semasiological Map for *babьka

*babьka

Meanings:

‘old woman’
‘grandmother’
‘woman’
‘midwife’
‘rough boletus a mushroom
‘a sort of cake’
‘Other’
no such word
no information yet
*babьka
Meanings
old woman grandmother woman midwife rough boletus a mushroom a sort of cake Other
Russian бабка++
Russian бабки+
money, lettuce
Ukrainian бабка++
dragonfly
Belarusian бабка++++
Polish babka++++
plantain
Polish babki++
Lower Sorbian babka+++
Czech babička+
Slovenian babica++
Bulgarian бабка++
pejorative
Meanings old woman grandmother woman midwife rough boletus a mushroom a sort of cake Other

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