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False Friends in Slavic Languages


Include Slavic and English annotation in result: meanings, synonyms, grammar, comments

Polish ‘para’

The database knows following meanings of the Polish word ‘para’:

  • steam
  • pair
  • a couple of, some (syn.: ‘parę’)
  • breath

Semasiological map for ‘*para’

The database has information related to this term for Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovenian, Lower Sorbian, Upper Sorbian and Ukrainian.

Polish ‘para’:

  • The Polish meaning ‘steam’ is shared by Belarusian пара, Bosnian para, Bulgarian пара, Croatian para, Czech pára, Macedonian пара, Serbian пара, Slovak para, Slovenian para, Upper Sorbian para and Ukrainian пара.
  • The Polish meaning ‘pair’ is shared by Belarusian пара, Russian пара and Ukrainian пара.
  • The Polish meaning ‘a couple of, some’ is shared by Belarusian пара, Russian пара and Ukrainian пара.
  • The Polish meaning ‘breath’ is unique.
  • The meaning ‘penny, money’ (not present in Polish ‘para’) is attested in Bosnian para, Bulgarian пара and Serbian пара.
  • The meaning ‘dirt on street, mud’ (not present in Polish ‘para’) is attested in Lower Sorbian para.
  • The meaning ‘wretch, (poor) devil’ (not present in Polish ‘para’) is attested in Slovenian para.

NB: No information yet for Kashubian.

Polish
para
Meaning in Belarusian:
  1. пара / steam
  2. пара / pair
  3. пара / a couple of, some
  4. breath
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Belarusian
пара
Meaning in Polish:
  1. para / steam
  2. para / pair
  3. parę / a couple of, some
Polish
para
Meaning in Bosnian:
  1. para / steam
  2. par / pair
  3. nekoliko / a couple of, some
  4. breath
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Wikibook
Bosnian
para
Meaning in Polish:
  1. para / steam
  2. penny, money
Polish
para
Meaning in Bulgarian:
  1. пара / steam
  2. чифт, двойка / pair
  3. няколко / a couple of, some
  4. breath
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Bulgarian
пара
Meaning in Polish:
  1. para / steam
  2. penny, money
Polish
para
Meaning in Croatian:
  1. para / steam
  2. par / pair
  3. nekoliko / a couple of, some
  4. breath
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Wikibook
Croatian
para
Meaning in Polish:
  • para / steam
Polish
para
Meaning in Czech:
  1. pára / steam
  2. pár / pair
  3. pár / a couple of, some
  4. breath
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Czech
pára
Meaning in Polish:
  • para / steam
Polish
para
Meaning in Macedonian:
  1. пара / steam
  2. чифт, двајца / pair
  3. неколку / a couple of, some
  4. breath
Map
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Wikibook
Macedonian
пара
Meaning in Polish:
  • para / steam
Polish
para
Meaning in Russian:
  1. пар / steam
  2. пара / pair
  3. пара / a couple of, some
  4. breath
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Russian
пара
Meaning in Polish:
  1. para / pair
  2. parę / a couple of, some
Polish
para
Meaning in Serbian:
  1. пара / steam
  2. пар / pair
  3. неколико / a couple of, some
  4. breath
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Serbian
пара
Meaning in Polish:
  1. para / steam
  2. penny, money
Polish
para
Meaning in Slovak:
  1. para / steam
  2. pár / pair
  3. niekoľko / a couple of, some
  4. breath
Map
Bibliography
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Wikibook
Slovak
para
Meaning in Polish:
  • para / steam
Polish
para
Meaning in Slovenian:
  1. para / steam
  2. par / pair
  3. nekaj / a couple of, some
  4. breath
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Slovenian
para ([uboga] para)
Meaning in Polish:
  1. para / steam
  2. wretch, (poor) devil
Polish
para
Meaning:
  1. steam
  2. pair
  3. a couple of, some
  4. breath
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Lower Sorbian
para
Meaning:
  • dirt on street, mud
Polish
para
Meaning:
  1. steam
  2. pair
  3. a couple of, some
  4. breath
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Upper Sorbian
para
Meaning in Polish:
  • para / steam
Polish
para
Meaning in Ukrainian:
  1. пара / steam
  2. пара / pair
  3. пара / a couple of, some
  4. breath
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Ukrainian
пара
Meaning in Polish:
  1. para / steam
  2. para / pair
  3. parę / a couple of, some

Semasiological Map for *para

*para

Meanings:

‘steam’
‘pair’
‘a couple of, some’
‘penny, money’
‘breath’
‘dirt on street, mud’
‘wretch, (poor) devil’
no such word
no information yet
*para
Meanings
steam pair a couple of, some penny, money breath dirt on street, mud wretch, (poor) devil
Russian пара++
Ukrainian пара+++
Belarusian пара+++
Polish para++++
Lower Sorbian para+
Upper Sorbian para+
Czech pára+
Slovak para+
Slovenian para ([uboga] para)++
Croatian para+
Bosnian para++
Serbian пара++
Macedonian пара+
Bulgarian пара++
Meanings steam pair a couple of, some penny, money breath dirt on street, mud wretch, (poor) devil

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