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False Friends in Slavic Languages


Include Slavic and English annotation in result: meanings, synonyms, grammar, comments

Polish ‘mir’

The database knows following meanings of the Polish word ‘mir’:

  • peace (arch., syn.: ‘mir arch., pokój, zgoda ’)
  • quiet, stillness (syn.: ‘mir arch., spokój ’)
  • authority, prestige

Semasiological map for ‘*mirъ’

The database has information related to this term for Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Kashubian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovenian, Lower Sorbian, Upper Sorbian and Ukrainian.

Polish ‘mir’:

  • The Polish meaning ‘peace’ is shared by Belarusian мір, Bosnian mir, Bulgarian мир, Croatian mir, Czech mír, Kashubian mir, Russian мир, Serbian мир, Slovak mier, Slovenian mir, Lower Sorbian měr, Upper Sorbian měr and Ukrainian мир.
  • The Polish meaning ‘quiet, stillness’ is shared by Belarusian мір, Bosnian mir, Bulgarian мир, Croatian mir, Czech mír, Kashubian mir, Russian мир, Serbian мир, Slovak mier, Slovenian mir, Lower Sorbian měr and Ukrainian мир.
  • The Polish meaning ‘authority, prestige’ is unique.
  • The meaning ‘world’ (not present in Polish ‘mir’, translated as ‘świat’) is attested in Russian мир.
  • The meaning hist. municipality, parish, commune’ (not present in Polish ‘mir’, translated as ‘gromada, gmina’) is attested in Czech mír and Russian мир.

NB: No information yet for Macedonian.

Polish
mir
Meaning:
  1. peace (arch.)
  2. quiet, stillness
  3. authority, prestige
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Belarusian
мір
Meaning in Polish:
  1. mir arch., pokój, zgoda / peace
  2. mir arch., spokój / quiet, stillness
Polish
mir
Meaning in Bosnian:
  1. mir / peace (arch.)
  2. mir / quiet, stillness
  3. ugled, poštovanje / authority, prestige
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Bosnian
mir
Meaning in Polish:
  1. mir arch., pokój, zgoda / peace
  2. mir arch., spokój / quiet, stillness
Polish
mir
Meaning:
  1. peace (arch.)
  2. quiet, stillness
  3. authority, prestige
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Bulgarian
мир
Meaning in Polish:
  1. mir arch., pokój, zgoda / peace
  2. mir arch., spokój / quiet, stillness
Polish
mir
Meaning in Croatian:
  1. mir / peace (arch.)
  2. mir / quiet, stillness
  3. ugled, poštovanje / authority, prestige
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Croatian
mir
Meaning in Polish:
  1. mir arch., pokój, zgoda / peace
  2. mir arch., spokój / quiet, stillness
Polish
mir
Meaning in Czech:
  1. mír / peace (arch.)
  2. mír / quiet, stillness
  3. vážnost, autorita / authority, prestige
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Czech
mír
Meaning in Polish:
  1. mir arch., pokój, zgoda / peace
  2. mir arch., spokój / quiet, stillness
  3. gromada, gmina / hist. municipality, parish, commune
Polish
mir
Meaning in Kashubian:
  1. mir / peace (arch.)
  2. mir / quiet, stillness
  3. uwôżanié / authority, prestige
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Kashubian
mir
Meaning in Polish:
  1. mir arch., pokój, zgoda / peace
  2. mir arch., spokój / quiet, stillness
Polish
mir
Meaning in Russian:
  1. мир / peace (arch.)
  2. мир, покой / quiet, stillness
  3. авторитет, уважение / authority, prestige
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Russian
мир
Meaning in Polish:
  1. mir arch., pokój, zgoda / peace
  2. mir arch., spokój / quiet, stillness
  3. świat / world
  4. gromada, gmina / hist. municipality, parish, commune
Polish
mir
Meaning in Serbian:
  1. мир / peace (arch.)
  2. мир / quiet, stillness
  3. углед, поштовање / authority, prestige
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Serbian
мир
Meaning in Polish:
  1. mir arch., pokój, zgoda / peace
  2. mir arch., spokój / quiet, stillness
Polish
mir
Meaning:
  1. peace (arch.)
  2. quiet, stillness
  3. authority, prestige
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Slovak
mier
Meaning in Polish:
  1. mir arch., pokój, zgoda / peace
  2. mir arch., spokój / quiet, stillness
Polish
mir
Meaning:
  1. peace (arch.)
  2. quiet, stillness
  3. authority, prestige
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Slovenian
mir
Meaning in Polish:
  1. mir arch., pokój, zgoda / peace
  2. mir arch., spokój / quiet, stillness
Polish
mir
Meaning:
  1. peace (arch.)
  2. quiet, stillness
  3. authority, prestige
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Lower Sorbian
měr
Meaning in Polish:
  1. mir arch., pokój, zgoda / peace
  2. mir arch., spokój / quiet, stillness
Polish
mir
Meaning:
  1. peace (arch.)
  2. quiet, stillness
  3. authority, prestige
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Upper Sorbian
měr
Meaning in Polish:
  • mir arch., pokój, zgoda / peace
Polish
mir
Meaning:
  1. peace (arch.)
  2. quiet, stillness
  3. authority, prestige
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Ukrainian
мир
Meaning in Polish:
  1. mir arch., pokój, zgoda / peace
  2. mir arch., spokój / quiet, stillness

Semasiological Map for *mirъ

*mirъ

Meanings:

‘peace’
‘quiet, stillness’
‘world’
‘authority, prestige’
hist. municipality, parish, commune’
no such word
no information yet
*mirъ
Meanings
peace quiet, stillness world authority, prestige hist. municipality, parish, commune
Russian мир++++
Ukrainian мир++
Belarusian мір++
Polish mir+
arch.
++
Kashubian mir++
Lower Sorbian měr++
Upper Sorbian měr+
Czech mír+++
Slovak mier++
Slovenian mir++
Croatian mir++
Bosnian mir++
Serbian мир++
Bulgarian мир++
Meanings peace quiet, stillness world authority, prestige hist. municipality, parish, commune

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