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False Friends in Slavic Languages


Include Slavic and English annotation in result: meanings, synonyms, grammar, comments

Polish ‘kał’

The database knows following meanings of the Polish word ‘kał’:

  • faeces, excrement
  • shit

Semasiological map for ‘*kalъ’

The database has information related to this term for Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Kashubian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovenian, Lower Sorbian, Upper Sorbian and Ukrainian.

Polish ‘kał’:

  • The Polish meaning ‘faeces, excrement’ is shared by Belarusian кал, Russian кал and Ukrainian кал.
  • The Polish meaning ‘shit’ is unique.
  • The meaning ‘cabbage’ (not present in Polish ‘kał’, translated as ‘kapusta’) is attested in Lower Sorbian kał and Upper Sorbian kał.
  • The meaning ‘dirt, mud’ (not present in Polish ‘kał’) is attested in Bosnian kal, Bulgarian кал, Croatian kal, Kashubian kôł, Macedonian кал and Serbian кал.
  • The meaning ‘sludge’ (not present in Polish ‘kał’) is attested in Czech kal and Slovak kal.
  • The meaning ‘crap, nonsense’ (not present in Polish ‘kał’, translated as ‘bzdura’) is attested in Lower Sorbian kał and Upper Sorbian kał.
Polish
kał
Meaning:
  1. faeces, excrement
  2. shit
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Belarusian
кал
Meaning:
  • faeces, excrement
Polish
kał
Meaning in Bosnian:
  1. izmetine / faeces, excrement
  2. shit
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Bosnian
kal
Meaning:
  • dirt, mud
Polish
kał
Meaning:
  1. faeces, excrement
  2. shit
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Bulgarian
кал
Meaning:
  • dirt, mud
Polish
kał
Meaning in Croatian:
  1. izmetine / faeces, excrement
  2. shit
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Croatian
kal
Meaning:
  • dirt, mud
Polish
kał
Meaning:
  1. faeces, excrement
  2. shit
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Czech
kal
Meaning:
  • sludge
Polish
kał
Meaning:
  1. faeces, excrement
  2. shit
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Kashubian
kôł
Meaning:
  • dirt, mud
Polish
kał
Meaning:
  1. faeces, excrement
  2. shit
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Macedonian
кал
Meaning:
  • dirt, mud
Polish
kał
Meaning:
  1. faeces, excrement
  2. shit
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Russian
кал
Meaning:
  • faeces, excrement
Polish
kał
Meaning in Serbian:
  1. изметине / faeces, excrement
  2. shit
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Serbian
кал
Meaning:
  • dirt, mud
Polish
kał
Meaning:
  1. faeces, excrement
  2. shit
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Slovak
kal
Meaning:
  • sludge
Polish
kał
Meaning:
  1. faeces, excrement
  2. shit
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Slovenian
- no corresponding term.
Polish
kał
Meaning in Lower Sorbian:
  1. faeces, excrement
  2. gowno / shit
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Lower Sorbian
kał
Meaning in Polish:
  1. kapusta / cabbage
  2. bzdura / crap, nonsense
Polish
kał
Meaning in Upper Sorbian:
  1. faeces, excrement
  2. howno / shit
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Upper Sorbian
kał
Meaning in Polish:
  1. kapusta / cabbage
  2. bzdura / crap, nonsense
Polish
kał
Meaning:
  1. faeces, excrement
  2. shit
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Ukrainian
кал
Meaning:
  • faeces, excrement

Semasiological Map for *kalъ

*kalъ

Meanings:

‘cabbage’
‘dirt, mud’
‘sludge’
‘faeces, excrement’
‘shit’
‘crap, nonsense’
no such word
no information yet
*kalъ
Meanings
cabbage dirt, mud sludge faeces, excrement shit crap, nonsense
Russian кал+
Ukrainian кал+
Belarusian кал+
Polish kał++
Kashubian kôł+
Lower Sorbian kał++
Upper Sorbian kał++
Czech kal+
Slovak kal+
Slovenian
Croatian kal+
Bosnian kal+
Serbian кал+
Macedonian кал+
Bulgarian кал+
Meanings cabbage dirt, mud sludge faeces, excrement shit crap, nonsense

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