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False Friends in Slavic Languages


Include Slavic and English annotation in result: meanings, synonyms, grammar, comments

Russian ‘бабка’

The database knows following meanings of the Russian word ‘бабка’:

  • old woman (syn.: ‘баба’)
  • grandmother (syn.: ‘бабушка’)
See also: бабки

Semasiological map for ‘*babьka’

The database has information related to this term for Belarusian, Bulgarian, Czech, Polish, Russian, Slovenian, Lower Sorbian and Ukrainian.

Russian ‘бабка’:

  • The Russian meaning ‘old woman’ is shared by Belarusian бабка, Polish babka and Polish babki.
  • The Russian meaning ‘grandmother’ is shared by Belarusian бабка, Bulgarian бабка, Czech babička, Polish babka, Slovenian babica and Lower Sorbian babka.
  • The meaning ‘woman’ (not present in Russian ‘бабка’, translated as ‘женщина’) is attested in Bulgarian бабка and Lower Sorbian babka.
  • The meaning ‘midwife’ (not present in Russian ‘бабка’) is attested in Slovenian babica and Lower Sorbian babka.
  • The meaning ‘rough boletus a mushroom (not present in Russian ‘бабка’, translated as ‘подберёзовик’) is attested in Belarusian бабка.
  • The meaning ‘a sort of cake’ (not present in Russian ‘бабка’, translated as ‘куличи’) is attested in Belarusian бабка, Polish babka, Polish babki and Ukrainian бабка.

NB: No information yet for Bosnian, Croatian, Kashubian, Macedonian, Serbian, Slovak and Upper Sorbian.

Russian
бабка
See also: бабки
Meaning in Belarusian:
  1. бабка / old woman
  2. grandmother
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Belarusian
бабка
Meaning in Russian:
  1. баба / old woman
  2. бабушка / grandmother
  3. подберёзовик / rough boletus a mushroom
  4. куличи / a sort of cake
Russian
бабка
See also: бабки
Meaning:
  1. old woman
  2. grandmother
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Bulgarian
бабка
Meaning in Russian:
  1. бабушка / grandmother
  2. женщина / woman (pejorative)
Russian
бабка
See also: бабки
Meaning:
  1. old woman
  2. grandmother
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Czech
babička
Meaning in Russian:
  • бабушка / grandmother
Russian
бабка
See also: бабки
Meaning in Polish:
  1. babka / old woman
  2. grandmother
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Polish
I.   babka
Meaning in Russian:
  1. баба / old woman
  2. бабушка / grandmother
  3. куличи / a sort of cake
  4. plantain
II.  babkiMeaning in Russian:
  1. баба / old woman
  2. куличи / a sort of cake
Russian
бабка
See also: бабки
Meaning:
  1. old woman
  2. grandmother
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Slovenian
babica
Meaning in Russian:
  1. бабушка / grandmother
  2. midwife
Russian
бабка
See also: бабки
Meaning:
  1. old woman
  2. grandmother
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Lower Sorbian
babka
Meaning in Russian:
  1. бабушка / grandmother
  2. женщина / woman
  3. midwife
Russian
бабка
See also: бабки
Meaning:
  1. old woman
  2. grandmother
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Ukrainian
бабка
Meaning in Russian:
  1. куличи / a sort of cake
  2. dragonfly

Semasiological Map for *babьka

*babьka

Meanings:

‘old woman’
‘grandmother’
‘woman’
‘midwife’
‘rough boletus a mushroom
‘a sort of cake’
‘Other’
no such word
no information yet
*babьka
Meanings
old woman grandmother woman midwife rough boletus a mushroom a sort of cake Other
Russian бабка++
Russian бабки+
money, lettuce
Ukrainian бабка++
dragonfly
Belarusian бабка++++
Polish babka++++
plantain
Polish babki++
Lower Sorbian babka+++
Czech babička+
Slovenian babica++
Bulgarian бабка++
pejorative
Meanings old woman grandmother woman midwife rough boletus a mushroom a sort of cake Other

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