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False Friends in Slavic Languages


Include Slavic and English annotation in result: meanings, synonyms, grammar, comments

Polish ‘wredny’

The database knows following meanings of the Polish word ‘wredny’:

  • nasty, repulsive
  • insidious, deceitful

Semasiological map for ‘*verdьnъ’

The database has information related to this term for Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovenian and Ukrainian.

Polish ‘wredny’:

  • The Polish meaning ‘nasty, repulsive’ is unique.
  • The Polish meaning ‘insidious, deceitful’ is unique.
  • The meaning ‘precious’ (not present in Polish ‘wredny’, translated as ‘cenny, wartościowy’) is attested in Bosnian vrijedan, Croatian vrijedan, Serbian вредан and Slovenian vreden.
  • The meaning ‘harmful’ (not present in Polish ‘wredny’, translated as ‘szkodliwy’) is attested in Bulgarian вреден and Russian вредный.
  • The meaning ‘able, clever’ (not present in Polish ‘wredny’, translated as ‘dzielny, zdolny, zręczny’) is attested in Bulgarian вреден and Macedonian вреден.
  • The meaning ‘hard-working’ (not present in Polish ‘wredny’) is attested in Bosnian vrijedan, Croatian vrijedan and Serbian вредан.

NB: No information yet for Kashubian, Lower Sorbian and Upper Sorbian.

Polish
wredny
Meaning:
  1. nasty, repulsive
  2. insidious, deceitful
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Belarusian
- no corresponding term.
Polish
wredny
Meaning in Bosnian:
  1. gadan, odvratan / nasty, repulsive
  2. himben, lažan / insidious, deceitful
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Bosnian
vrijedan
Meaning in Polish:
  1. cenny, wartościowy / precious
  2. hard-working
Polish
wredny
Meaning in Bulgarian:
  1. гаден / nasty, repulsive
  2. фалшив, лукав / insidious, deceitful
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Bulgarian
вреден
Meaning in Polish:
  1. szkodliwy / harmful
  2. dzielny, zdolny, zręczny / able, clever
Polish
wredny
Meaning in Croatian:
  1. gadan, odvratan / nasty, repulsive
  2. himben, lažan / insidious, deceitful
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Croatian
vrijedan
Meaning in Polish:
  1. cenny, wartościowy / precious
  2. hard-working
Polish
wredny
Meaning:
  1. nasty, repulsive
  2. insidious, deceitful
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Czech
- no corresponding term.
Polish
wredny
Meaning in Macedonian:
  1. гаден, одвратен / nasty, repulsive
  2. фалшив, лажан, лукав / insidious, deceitful
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Wikibook
Macedonian
вреден
Meaning in Polish:
  • dzielny, zdolny, zręczny / able, clever
Polish
wredny
Meaning in Russian:
  1. гадкий, отвратительный / nasty, repulsive
  2. фальшивый, коварный / insidious, deceitful
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Wikibook
Russian
вредный
Meaning in Polish:
  • szkodliwy / harmful
Polish
wredny
Meaning in Serbian:
  1. гадан, одвратан / nasty, repulsive
  2. химбен, лажан / insidious, deceitful
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Wikibook
Serbian
вредан
Meaning in Polish:
  1. cenny, wartościowy / precious
  2. hard-working
Polish
wredny
Meaning:
  1. nasty, repulsive
  2. insidious, deceitful
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Slovak
- no corresponding term.
Polish
wredny
Meaning in Slovenian:
  1. grd, gnusen / nasty, repulsive
  2. prekanjen, zvijačen / insidious, deceitful
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Wikibook
Slovenian
vreden
Meaning in Polish:
  • cenny, wartościowy / precious
Polish
wredny
Meaning:
  1. nasty, repulsive
  2. insidious, deceitful
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Ukrainian
- no corresponding term.

Semasiological Map for *verdьnъ

*verdьnъ

Meanings:

‘precious’
‘harmful’
‘able, clever’
‘nasty, repulsive’
‘insidious, deceitful’
‘hard-working’
no such word
no information yet
*verdьnъ
Meanings
precious harmful able, clever nasty, repulsive insidious, deceitful hard-working
Russian вредный+
Ukrainian
Belarusian
Polish wredny++
Czech
Slovak
Slovenian vreden+
Croatian vrijedan++
Bosnian vrijedan++
Serbian вредан++
Macedonian вреден+
Bulgarian вреден++
Meanings precious harmful able, clever nasty, repulsive insidious, deceitful hard-working

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