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False Friends in Slavic Languages


Include Slavic and English annotation in result: meanings, synonyms, grammar, comments

Bulgarian ‘вреден’

The database knows following meanings of the Bulgarian word ‘вреден’:

  • harmful
  • able, clever

Semasiological map for ‘*verdьnъ’

The database has information related to this term for Belarusian, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Macedonian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovenian and Ukrainian.

Bulgarian ‘вреден’:

  • The Bulgarian meaning ‘harmful’ is shared by Russian вредный.
  • The Bulgarian meaning ‘able, clever’ is shared by Macedonian вреден.
  • The meaning ‘precious’ (not present in Bulgarian ‘вреден’, translated as ‘ценен’) is attested in Bosnian vrijedan, Croatian vrijedan, Serbian вредан and Slovenian vreden.
  • The meaning ‘nasty, repulsive’ (not present in Bulgarian ‘вреден’, translated as ‘гаден’) is attested in Polish wredny.
  • The meaning ‘insidious, deceitful’ (not present in Bulgarian ‘вреден’, translated as ‘фалшив, лукав’) is attested in Polish wredny.
  • The meaning ‘hard-working’ (not present in Bulgarian ‘вреден’) is attested in Bosnian vrijedan, Croatian vrijedan and Serbian вредан.

NB: No information yet for Kashubian, Lower Sorbian and Upper Sorbian.

Bulgarian
вреден
Meaning:
  1. harmful
  2. able, clever
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Belarusian
- no corresponding term.
Bulgarian
вреден
Meaning in Bosnian:
  1. štetan / harmful
  2. vješt, valjan, marljiv / able, clever
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Bosnian
vrijedan
Meaning in Bulgarian:
  1. ценен / precious
  2. hard-working
Bulgarian
вреден
Meaning in Croatian:
  1. štetan / harmful
  2. vješt, valjan, marljiv / able, clever
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Wikibook
Croatian
vrijedan
Meaning in Bulgarian:
  1. ценен / precious
  2. hard-working
Bulgarian
вреден
Meaning:
  1. harmful
  2. able, clever
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Wikibook
Czech
- no corresponding term.
Bulgarian
вреден
Meaning in Macedonian:
  1. штетен / harmful
  2. able, clever
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Wikibook
Macedonian
вреден
Meaning:
  • able, clever
Bulgarian
вреден
Meaning in Polish:
  1. szkodliwy / harmful
  2. dzielny, zdolny, zręczny / able, clever
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Polish
wredny
Meaning in Bulgarian:
  1. гаден / nasty, repulsive
  2. фалшив, лукав / insidious, deceitful
Bulgarian
вреден
Meaning in Russian:
  1. harmful
  2. ловкий, умелый / able, clever
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Russian
вредный
Meaning:
  • harmful
Bulgarian
вреден
Meaning in Serbian:
  1. штетан / harmful
  2. вешт, ваљан, марљив / able, clever
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Serbian
вредан
Meaning in Bulgarian:
  1. ценен / precious
  2. hard-working
Bulgarian
вреден
Meaning:
  1. harmful
  2. able, clever
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Slovak
- no corresponding term.
Bulgarian
вреден
Meaning in Slovenian:
  1. škodljiv / harmful
  2. spreten, vrl, zmožen / able, clever
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Wikibook
Slovenian
vreden
Meaning in Bulgarian:
  • ценен / precious
Bulgarian
вреден
Meaning:
  1. harmful
  2. able, clever
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Ukrainian
- no corresponding term.

Semasiological Map for *verdьnъ

*verdьnъ

Meanings:

‘precious’
‘harmful’
‘able, clever’
‘nasty, repulsive’
‘insidious, deceitful’
‘hard-working’
no such word
no information yet
*verdьnъ
Meanings
precious harmful able, clever nasty, repulsive insidious, deceitful hard-working
Russian вредный+
Ukrainian
Belarusian
Polish wredny++
Czech
Slovak
Slovenian vreden+
Croatian vrijedan++
Bosnian vrijedan++
Serbian вредан++
Macedonian вреден+
Bulgarian вреден++
Meanings precious harmful able, clever nasty, repulsive insidious, deceitful hard-working

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