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False Friends in Slavic Languages


Include Slavic and English annotation in result: meanings, synonyms, grammar, comments

Russian ‘быстрый’

The database knows following meanings of the Russian word ‘быстрый’:

  • quick
  • sharp-witted, keen intellect

Semasiological map for ‘*bystrъ’

The database has information related to this term for Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Kashubian, Polish, Serbian, Slovak, Slovenian and Ukrainian.

Russian ‘быстрый’:

  • The Russian meaning ‘quick’ is shared by Czech bystrý, Kashubian bëstri, Polish bystry and Slovak bystrý.
  • The Russian meaning ‘sharp-witted, keen intellect is shared by Bosnian bistar, Croatian bistar, Czech bystrý, Kashubian bëstri, Polish bystry, Serbian бистар, Slovak bystrý and Slovenian bister.
  • The meaning ‘lively, awake’ (not present in Russian ‘быстрый’, translated as ‘живой, бодрый’) is attested in Slovenian bister.
  • The meaning ‘witty’ (not present in Russian ‘быстрый’) is attested in Kashubian bëstri and Polish bystry.
  • The meaning ‘sharp hearing (not present in Russian ‘быстрый’) is attested in Kashubian bëstri and Polish bystry.
  • The meaning ‘clear’ (not present in Russian ‘быстрый’, translated as ‘ясный, чистый’) is attested in Bosnian bistar, Bulgarian бистър, Croatian bistar, Polish bystry, Serbian бистар and Slovenian bister.

NB: No information yet for Macedonian, Lower Sorbian and Upper Sorbian.

Russian
быстрый
Meaning:
  1. quick
  2. sharp-witted, keen intellect
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Belarusian
- no corresponding term.
Russian
быстрый
Meaning:
  1. quick
  2. sharp-witted, keen intellect
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Bosnian
bistar
Meaning in Russian:
  1. sharp-witted, keen intellect
  2. ясный, чистый / clear
Russian
быстрый
Meaning:
  1. quick
  2. sharp-witted, keen intellect
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Bulgarian
бистър
Meaning in Russian:
  • ясный, чистый / clear
Russian
быстрый
Meaning:
  1. quick
  2. sharp-witted, keen intellect
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Croatian
bistar
Meaning in Russian:
  1. sharp-witted, keen intellect
  2. ясный, чистый / clear
Russian
быстрый
Meaning:
  1. quick
  2. sharp-witted, keen intellect
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Czech
bystrý
Meaning:
  1. quick
  2. sharp-witted, keen intellect
Russian
быстрый
Meaning:
  1. quick
  2. sharp-witted, keen intellect
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Kashubian
bëstri
Meaning:
  1. quick
  2. witty
  3. sharp-witted, keen intellect
  4. sharp hearing
Russian
быстрый
Meaning:
  1. quick
  2. sharp-witted, keen intellect
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Polish
bystry
Meaning in Russian:
  1. quick
  2. witty
  3. sharp-witted, keen intellect
  4. sharp hearing
  5. ясный, чистый / clear
Russian
быстрый
Meaning:
  1. quick
  2. sharp-witted, keen intellect
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Serbian
бистар
Meaning in Russian:
  1. sharp-witted, keen intellect
  2. ясный, чистый / clear
Russian
быстрый
Meaning:
  1. quick
  2. sharp-witted, keen intellect
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Slovak
bystrý
Meaning:
  1. quick
  2. sharp-witted, keen intellect
Russian
быстрый
Meaning in Slovenian:
  1. hiter, uren / quick
  2. sharp-witted, keen intellect
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Slovenian
bister
Meaning in Russian:
  1. живой, бодрый / lively, awake
  2. sharp-witted, keen intellect
  3. ясный, чистый / clear
Russian
быстрый
Meaning:
  1. quick
  2. sharp-witted, keen intellect
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Ukrainian
- no corresponding term.

Semasiological Map for *bystrъ

*bystrъ

Meanings:

‘quick’
‘lively, awake’
‘witty’
‘sharp-witted, keen intellect
‘sharp hearing
‘clear’
no such word
no information yet
*bystrъ
Meanings
quick lively, awake witty sharp-witted, keen intellect sharp hearing clear
Russian быстрый++
Ukrainian
Belarusian
Polish bystry+++++
Kashubian bëstri++++
Czech bystrý++
Slovak bystrý++
Slovenian bister+++
Croatian bistar++
Bosnian bistar++
Serbian бистар++
Bulgarian бистър+
Meanings quick lively, awake witty sharp-witted, keen intellect sharp hearing clear

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