Loading...
Navigation

False Friends in Slavic Languages


Include Slavic and English annotation in result: meanings, synonyms, grammar, comments

Polish ‘czerstwy’

The database knows following meanings of the Polish word ‘czerstwy’:

  • fresh (syn.: ‘świeży’)
  • stale
  • dry pastries

Semasiological map for ‘*čьrstvъ’

The database has information related to this term for Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Upper Sorbian and Ukrainian.

Polish ‘czerstwy’:

  • The Polish meaning ‘fresh’ is shared by Czech čerstvý, Slovak čerstvý and Upper Sorbian čerstwy.
  • The Polish meaning ‘stale’ is shared by Belarusian чэрствы, Russian чёрствый and Ukrainian черствий.
  • The Polish meaning ‘dry pastries is unique.
  • The meaning ‘sturdy’ (not present in Polish ‘czerstwy’) is attested in Bosnian čvrst, Croatian čvrst and Serbian чврст.
  • The meaning ‘hard, dry’ (not present in Polish ‘czerstwy’) is attested in Russian чёрствый.
  • The meaning ‘nimble’ (not present in Polish ‘czerstwy’) is attested in Bulgarian чевръст.

NB: No information yet for Kashubian, Macedonian, Slovenian and Lower Sorbian.

Polish
czerstwy
Meaning:
  1. fresh
  2. stale
  3. dry pastries
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Belarusian
чэрствы
Meaning:
  • stale
Polish
czerstwy
Meaning:
  1. fresh
  2. stale
  3. dry pastries
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Bosnian
čvrst
Meaning:
  • sturdy
Polish
czerstwy
Meaning:
  1. fresh
  2. stale
  3. dry pastries
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Bulgarian
чевръст
Meaning:
  • nimble
Polish
czerstwy
Meaning:
  1. fresh
  2. stale
  3. dry pastries
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Croatian
čvrst
Meaning:
  • sturdy
Polish
czerstwy
Meaning in Czech:
  1. fresh
  2. okoralý / stale
  3. dry pastries
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Czech
čerstvý
Meaning in Polish:
  • świeży / fresh
Polish
czerstwy
Meaning in Russian:
  1. свежий / fresh
  2. stale
  3. dry pastries
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Russian
чёрствый
Meaning:
  1. stale
  2. hard, dry
Polish
czerstwy
Meaning:
  1. fresh
  2. stale
  3. dry pastries
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Serbian
чврст
Meaning:
  • sturdy
Polish
czerstwy
Meaning in Slovak:
  1. fresh
  2. suchý / stale
  3. dry pastries
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Slovak
čerstvý
Meaning in Polish:
  • świeży / fresh
Polish
czerstwy
Meaning in Upper Sorbian:
  1. čerstwy / fresh
  2. stale
  3. suchi, twjerdy / dry pastries
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Upper Sorbian
čerstwy
Meaning in Polish:
  • świeży / fresh
Polish
czerstwy
Meaning:
  1. fresh
  2. stale
  3. dry pastries
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Ukrainian
черствий
Meaning:
  • stale

Semasiological Map for *čьrstvъ

*čьrstvъ

Meanings:

‘fresh’
‘stale’
‘sturdy’
‘hard, dry’
‘dry pastries
‘nimble’
no such word
no information yet
*čьrstvъ
Meanings
fresh stale sturdy hard, dry dry pastries nimble
Russian чёрствый++
Ukrainian черствий+
Belarusian чэрствы+
Polish czerstwy+++
Upper Sorbian čerstwy+
Czech čerstvý+
Slovak čerstvý+
Croatian čvrst+
Bosnian čvrst+
Serbian чврст+
Bulgarian чевръст+
Meanings fresh stale sturdy hard, dry dry pastries nimble

Copyrights for the ‘False Friends in Slavic Languages’