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False Friends in Slavic Languages


Include Slavic and English annotation in result: meanings, synonyms, grammar, comments

Czech ‘čerstvý’

The database knows following meanings of the Czech word ‘čerstvý’:

  • fresh

Semasiological map for ‘*čьrstvъ’

The database has information related to this term for Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Upper Sorbian and Ukrainian.

Czech ‘čerstvý’:

  • The Czech meaning ‘fresh’ is shared by Polish czerstwy, Slovak čerstvý and Upper Sorbian čerstwy.
  • The meaning ‘stale’ (not present in Czech ‘čerstvý’, translated as ‘okoralý’) is attested in Belarusian чэрствы, Polish czerstwy, Russian чёрствый and Ukrainian черствий.
  • The meaning ‘sturdy’ (not present in Czech ‘čerstvý’) is attested in Bosnian čvrst, Croatian čvrst and Serbian чврст.
  • The meaning ‘hard, dry’ (not present in Czech ‘čerstvý’, translated as ‘tvrdý, suchý’) is attested in Russian чёрствый.
  • The meaning ‘dry pastries (not present in Czech ‘čerstvý’) is attested in Polish czerstwy.
  • The meaning ‘nimble’ (not present in Czech ‘čerstvý’) is attested in Bulgarian чевръст.

NB: No information yet for Kashubian, Macedonian, Slovenian and Lower Sorbian.

Czech
čerstvý
Meaning:
  • fresh
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Wikibook
Belarusian
чэрствы
Meaning in Czech:
  • okoralý / stale
Czech
čerstvý
Meaning:
  • fresh
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Bosnian
čvrst
Meaning:
  • sturdy
Czech
čerstvý
Meaning:
  • fresh
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Bulgarian
чевръст
Meaning:
  • nimble
Czech
čerstvý
Meaning:
  • fresh
Map
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List
Wikibook
Croatian
čvrst
Meaning:
  • sturdy
Czech
čerstvý
Meaning in Polish:
  • świeży / fresh
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Wikibook
Polish
czerstwy
Meaning in Czech:
  1. fresh
  2. okoralý / stale
  3. dry pastries
Czech
čerstvý
Meaning in Russian:
  • свежий / fresh
Map
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Russian
чёрствый
Meaning in Czech:
  1. okoralý / stale
  2. tvrdý, suchý / hard, dry
Czech
čerstvý
Meaning:
  • fresh
Map
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List
Wikibook
Serbian
чврст
Meaning:
  • sturdy
Czech
čerstvý
Meaning:
  • fresh
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Wikibook
Slovak
čerstvý
Meaning:
  • fresh
Czech
čerstvý
Meaning in Upper Sorbian:
  • čerstwy / fresh
Map
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Wikibook
Upper Sorbian
čerstwy
Meaning:
  • fresh
Czech
čerstvý
Meaning:
  • fresh
Map
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List
Wikibook
Ukrainian
черствий
Meaning in Czech:
  • okoralý / stale

Semasiological Map for *čьrstvъ

*čьrstvъ

Meanings:

‘fresh’
‘stale’
‘sturdy’
‘hard, dry’
‘dry pastries
‘nimble’
no such word
no information yet
*čьrstvъ
Meanings
fresh stale sturdy hard, dry dry pastries nimble
Russian чёрствый++
Ukrainian черствий+
Belarusian чэрствы+
Polish czerstwy+++
Upper Sorbian čerstwy+
Czech čerstvý+
Slovak čerstvý+
Croatian čvrst+
Bosnian čvrst+
Serbian чврст+
Bulgarian чевръст+
Meanings fresh stale sturdy hard, dry dry pastries nimble

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