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False Friends in Slavic Languages


Include Slavic and English annotation in result: meanings, synonyms, grammar, comments

Russian ‘чёрствый’

The database knows following meanings of the Russian word ‘чёрствый’:

  • stale
  • hard, dry

Semasiological map for ‘*čьrstvъ’

The database has information related to this term for Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Polish, Serbian, Slovak, Upper Sorbian and Ukrainian.

Russian ‘чёрствый’:

  • The Russian meaning ‘stale’ is shared by Belarusian чэрствы, Polish czerstwy and Ukrainian черствий.
  • The Russian meaning ‘hard, dry’ is unique.
  • The meaning ‘fresh’ (not present in Russian ‘чёрствый’, translated as ‘свежий’) is attested in Czech čerstvý, Polish czerstwy, Slovak čerstvý and Upper Sorbian čerstwy.
  • The meaning ‘sturdy’ (not present in Russian ‘чёрствый’) is attested in Bosnian čvrst, Croatian čvrst and Serbian чврст.
  • The meaning ‘dry pastries (not present in Russian ‘чёрствый’) is attested in Polish czerstwy.
  • The meaning ‘nimble’ (not present in Russian ‘чёрствый’) is attested in Bulgarian чевръст.

NB: No information yet for Kashubian, Macedonian, Slovenian and Lower Sorbian.

Russian
чёрствый
Meaning:
  1. stale
  2. hard, dry
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Belarusian
чэрствы
Meaning:
  • stale
Russian
чёрствый
Meaning:
  1. stale
  2. hard, dry
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Bosnian
čvrst
Meaning:
  • sturdy
Russian
чёрствый
Meaning:
  1. stale
  2. hard, dry
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Bulgarian
чевръст
Meaning:
  • nimble
Russian
чёрствый
Meaning:
  1. stale
  2. hard, dry
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Croatian
čvrst
Meaning:
  • sturdy
Russian
чёрствый
Meaning in Czech:
  1. okoralý / stale
  2. tvrdý, suchý / hard, dry
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Czech
čerstvý
Meaning in Russian:
  • свежий / fresh
Russian
чёрствый
Meaning:
  1. stale
  2. hard, dry
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Polish
czerstwy
Meaning in Russian:
  1. свежий / fresh
  2. stale
  3. dry pastries
Russian
чёрствый
Meaning:
  1. stale
  2. hard, dry
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Serbian
чврст
Meaning:
  • sturdy
Russian
чёрствый
Meaning in Slovak:
  1. suchý / stale
  2. hard, dry
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Slovak
čerstvý
Meaning in Russian:
  • свежий / fresh
Russian
чёрствый
Meaning:
  1. stale
  2. hard, dry
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Upper Sorbian
čerstwy
Meaning in Russian:
  • свежий / fresh
Russian
чёрствый
Meaning:
  1. stale
  2. hard, dry
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Ukrainian
черствий
Meaning:
  • stale

Semasiological Map for *čьrstvъ

*čьrstvъ

Meanings:

‘fresh’
‘stale’
‘sturdy’
‘hard, dry’
‘dry pastries
‘nimble’
no such word
no information yet
*čьrstvъ
Meanings
fresh stale sturdy hard, dry dry pastries nimble
Russian чёрствый++
Ukrainian черствий+
Belarusian чэрствы+
Polish czerstwy+++
Upper Sorbian čerstwy+
Czech čerstvý+
Slovak čerstvý+
Croatian čvrst+
Bosnian čvrst+
Serbian чврст+
Bulgarian чевръст+
Meanings fresh stale sturdy hard, dry dry pastries nimble

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