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False Friends in Slavic Languages


Include Slavic and English annotation in result: meanings, synonyms, grammar, comments

Serbian ‘чврст’

The database knows following meanings of the Serbian word ‘чврст’:

  • sturdy

Semasiological map for ‘*čьrstvъ’

The database has information related to this term for Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Polish, Russian, Slovak, Upper Sorbian and Ukrainian.

Serbian ‘чврст’:

  • The Serbian meaning ‘sturdy’ is shared by Bosnian čvrst and Croatian čvrst.
  • The meaning ‘fresh’ (not present in Serbian ‘чврст’) is attested in Czech čerstvý, Polish czerstwy, Slovak čerstvý and Upper Sorbian čerstwy.
  • The meaning ‘stale’ (not present in Serbian ‘чврст’) is attested in Belarusian чэрствы, Polish czerstwy, Russian чёрствый and Ukrainian черствий.
  • The meaning ‘hard, dry’ (not present in Serbian ‘чврст’) is attested in Russian чёрствый.
  • The meaning ‘dry pastries (not present in Serbian ‘чврст’) is attested in Polish czerstwy.
  • The meaning ‘nimble’ (not present in Serbian ‘чврст’) is attested in Bulgarian чевръст.

NB: No information yet for Kashubian, Macedonian, Slovenian and Lower Sorbian.

Serbian
чврст
Meaning:
  • sturdy
Map
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List
Wikibook
Belarusian
чэрствы
Meaning:
  • stale
Serbian
чврст
Meaning:
  • sturdy
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Bosnian
čvrst
Meaning:
  • sturdy
Serbian
чврст
Meaning:
  • sturdy
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Bulgarian
чевръст
Meaning:
  • nimble
Serbian
чврст
Meaning:
  • sturdy
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Croatian
čvrst
Meaning:
  • sturdy
Serbian
чврст
Meaning:
  • sturdy
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Czech
čerstvý
Meaning:
  • fresh
Serbian
чврст
Meaning:
  • sturdy
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Polish
czerstwy
Meaning:
  1. fresh
  2. stale
  3. dry pastries
Serbian
чврст
Meaning:
  • sturdy
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Russian
чёрствый
Meaning:
  1. stale
  2. hard, dry
Serbian
чврст
Meaning:
  • sturdy
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Slovak
čerstvý
Meaning:
  • fresh
Serbian
чврст
Meaning:
  • sturdy
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Upper Sorbian
čerstwy
Meaning:
  • fresh
Serbian
чврст
Meaning:
  • sturdy
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Ukrainian
черствий
Meaning:
  • stale

Semasiological Map for *čьrstvъ

*čьrstvъ

Meanings:

‘fresh’
‘stale’
‘sturdy’
‘hard, dry’
‘dry pastries
‘nimble’
no such word
no information yet
*čьrstvъ
Meanings
fresh stale sturdy hard, dry dry pastries nimble
Russian чёрствый++
Ukrainian черствий+
Belarusian чэрствы+
Polish czerstwy+++
Upper Sorbian čerstwy+
Czech čerstvý+
Slovak čerstvý+
Croatian čvrst+
Bosnian čvrst+
Serbian чврст+
Bulgarian чевръст+
Meanings fresh stale sturdy hard, dry dry pastries nimble

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