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False Friends in Slavic Languages


Include Slavic and English annotation in result: meanings, synonyms, grammar, comments

Upper Sorbian ‘čerstwy’

The database knows following meanings of the Upper Sorbian word ‘čerstwy’:

  • fresh

Semasiological map for ‘*čьrstvъ’

The database has information related to this term for Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Slovak and Ukrainian.

Upper Sorbian ‘čerstwy’:

  • The Upper Sorbian meaning ‘fresh’ is shared by Czech čerstvý, Polish czerstwy and Slovak čerstvý.
  • The meaning ‘stale’ (not present in Upper Sorbian ‘čerstwy’) is attested in Belarusian чэрствы, Polish czerstwy, Russian чёрствый and Ukrainian черствий.
  • The meaning ‘sturdy’ (not present in Upper Sorbian ‘čerstwy’) is attested in Bosnian čvrst, Croatian čvrst and Serbian чврст.
  • The meaning ‘hard, dry’ (not present in Upper Sorbian ‘čerstwy’) is attested in Russian чёрствый.
  • The meaning ‘dry pastries (not present in Upper Sorbian ‘čerstwy’, translated as ‘suchi, twjerdy’) is attested in Polish czerstwy.
  • The meaning ‘nimble’ (not present in Upper Sorbian ‘čerstwy’) is attested in Bulgarian чевръст.

NB: No information yet for Kashubian, Macedonian, Slovenian and Lower Sorbian.

Upper Sorbian
čerstwy
Meaning:
  • fresh
Map
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Belarusian
чэрствы
Meaning:
  • stale
Upper Sorbian
čerstwy
Meaning:
  • fresh
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Bosnian
čvrst
Meaning:
  • sturdy
Upper Sorbian
čerstwy
Meaning:
  • fresh
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Bulgarian
чевръст
Meaning:
  • nimble
Upper Sorbian
čerstwy
Meaning:
  • fresh
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Croatian
čvrst
Meaning:
  • sturdy
Upper Sorbian
čerstwy
Meaning:
  • fresh
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Czech
čerstvý
Meaning in Upper Sorbian:
  • čerstwy / fresh
Upper Sorbian
čerstwy
Meaning in Polish:
  • świeży / fresh
Map
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Wikibook
Polish
czerstwy
Meaning in Upper Sorbian:
  1. čerstwy / fresh
  2. stale
  3. suchi, twjerdy / dry pastries
Upper Sorbian
čerstwy
Meaning in Russian:
  • свежий / fresh
Map
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List
Wikibook
Russian
чёрствый
Meaning:
  1. stale
  2. hard, dry
Upper Sorbian
čerstwy
Meaning:
  • fresh
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Serbian
чврст
Meaning:
  • sturdy
Upper Sorbian
čerstwy
Meaning:
  • fresh
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Slovak
čerstvý
Meaning in Upper Sorbian:
  • čerstwy / fresh
Upper Sorbian
čerstwy
Meaning:
  • fresh
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Ukrainian
черствий
Meaning:
  • stale

Semasiological Map for *čьrstvъ

*čьrstvъ

Meanings:

‘fresh’
‘stale’
‘sturdy’
‘hard, dry’
‘dry pastries
‘nimble’
no such word
no information yet
*čьrstvъ
Meanings
fresh stale sturdy hard, dry dry pastries nimble
Russian чёрствый++
Ukrainian черствий+
Belarusian чэрствы+
Polish czerstwy+++
Upper Sorbian čerstwy+
Czech čerstvý+
Slovak čerstvý+
Croatian čvrst+
Bosnian čvrst+
Serbian чврст+
Bulgarian чевръст+
Meanings fresh stale sturdy hard, dry dry pastries nimble

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