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False Friends in Slavic Languages


Include Slavic and English annotation in result: meanings, synonyms, grammar, comments

Ukrainian ‘брак’

The database knows following meanings of the Ukrainian word ‘брак’:

  • defect, flaw
  • rejects, refuse, waste
  • lack, deficiency

Semasiological map for ‘*brakъ’

The database has information related to this term for Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Macedonian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Slovak and Slovenian.

Ukrainian ‘брак’:

  • The Ukrainian meaning ‘defect, flaw’ is shared by Polish brak and Russian брак.
  • The Ukrainian meaning ‘rejects, refuse, waste’ is shared by Belarusian брак, Bulgarian брак, Czech brak, Polish brak and Russian брак.
  • The Ukrainian meaning ‘lack, deficiency’ is shared by Belarusian брак and Polish brak.
  • The meaning ‘junk, trash’ (not present in Ukrainian ‘брак’) is attested in Czech brak and Slovak brak.
  • The meaning ‘marriage’ (not present in Ukrainian ‘брак’, translated as ‘шлюб’) is attested in Bosnian brak, Bulgarian брак, Croatian brak, Macedonian брак, Russian брак and Serbian брак.

NB: No information yet for Kashubian, Lower Sorbian and Upper Sorbian.

Ukrainian
брак
Meaning:
  1. defect, flaw
  2. rejects, refuse, waste
  3. lack, deficiency
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Belarusian
брак
Meaning in Ukrainian:
  1. брак / rejects, refuse, waste
  2. lack, deficiency
Ukrainian
брак
Meaning in Bosnian:
  1. mana / defect, flaw
  2. ološ, deficitna roba / rejects, refuse, waste
  3. nedosta-tak / lack, deficiency
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Bosnian
brak
Meaning in Ukrainian:
  • шлюб / marriage
Ukrainian
брак
Meaning in Bulgarian:
  1. недостатък, грешка / defect, flaw
  2. брак / rejects, refuse, waste
  3. липса / lack, deficiency
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Bulgarian
брак
Meaning in Ukrainian:
  1. брак / rejects, refuse, waste
  2. шлюб / marriage
Ukrainian
брак
Meaning in Croatian:
  1. mana / defect, flaw
  2. ološ, deficitna roba / rejects, refuse, waste
  3. nedostatak / lack, deficiency
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Croatian
brak
Meaning in Ukrainian:
  • шлюб / marriage
Ukrainian
брак
Meaning:
  1. defect, flaw
  2. rejects, refuse, waste
  3. lack, deficiency
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Czech
brak
Meaning in Ukrainian:
  1. брак / rejects, refuse, waste
  2. junk, trash
Ukrainian
брак
Meaning in Macedonian:
  1. мана / defect, flaw
  2. шкарт, отфрлена стока / rejects, refuse, waste
  3. скудност, недостиг / lack, deficiency
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Macedonian
брак
Meaning in Ukrainian:
  • шлюб / marriage
Ukrainian
брак
Meaning in Polish:
  1. brak / defect, flaw
  2. brak / rejects, refuse, waste
  3. lack, deficiency
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Polish
brak
Meaning in Ukrainian:
  1. брак / defect, flaw
  2. брак / rejects, refuse, waste
  3. lack, deficiency
Ukrainian
брак
Meaning in Russian:
  1. брак / defect, flaw
  2. брак / rejects, refuse, waste
  3. недостаток, нехватка / lack, deficiency
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Wikibook
Russian
брак
Meaning in Ukrainian:
  1. брак / defect, flaw
  2. брак / rejects, refuse, waste
  3. шлюб / marriage
Ukrainian
брак
Meaning in Serbian:
  1. мана / defect, flaw
  2. олош, дефицитна роба / rejects, refuse, waste
  3. недостатак / lack, deficiency
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Serbian
брак
Meaning in Ukrainian:
  • шлюб / marriage
Ukrainian
брак
Meaning:
  1. defect, flaw
  2. rejects, refuse, waste
  3. lack, deficiency
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Slovak
brak
Meaning:
  • junk, trash
Ukrainian
брак
Meaning:
  1. defect, flaw
  2. rejects, refuse, waste
  3. lack, deficiency
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Slovenian
- no corresponding term.

Semasiological Map for *brakъ

*brakъ

Meanings:

‘defect, flaw’
‘rejects, refuse, waste’
‘lack, deficiency’
‘junk, trash’
‘marriage’
no such word
no information yet
*brakъ
Meanings
defect, flaw rejects, refuse, waste lack, deficiency junk, trash marriage
Russian брак+++
Ukrainian брак+++
Belarusian брак++
Polish brak+++
Czech brak++
Slovak brak+
Slovenian
Croatian brak+
Bosnian brak+
Serbian брак+
Macedonian брак+
Bulgarian брак++
Meanings defect, flaw rejects, refuse, waste lack, deficiency junk, trash marriage

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