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False Friends in Slavic Languages


Include Slavic and English annotation in result: meanings, synonyms, grammar, comments

Bulgarian ‘град’

The database knows following meanings of the Bulgarian word ‘град’:

  • town
  • hail

Semasiological map for ‘*gorodъ < *gordъ’

The database has information related to this term for Belarusian, Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Kashubian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovenian, Lower Sorbian, Upper Sorbian and Ukrainian.

Bulgarian ‘град’:

  • The Bulgarian meaning ‘town’ is shared by Belarusian горад, Belarusian град, Bosnian grad, Croatian grad, Kashubian gard, Polish gród, Russian град, Russian город and Serbian град.
  • The Bulgarian meaning ‘hail’ is shared by Belarusian горад, Belarusian град, Bosnian grad, Croatian grad, Kashubian grôd, Polish grad, Russian град, Serbian град, Lower Sorbian grad and Ukrainian град.
  • The meaning ‘fortress’ (not present in Bulgarian ‘град’) is attested in Czech hrad, Polish gród, Slovak hrad, Slovenian grad, Lower Sorbian grod and Upper Sorbian hród.
  • The meaning ‘castle’ (not present in Bulgarian ‘град’) is attested in Slovenian grad.
  • The meaning ‘degree’ (not present in Bulgarian ‘град’) is attested in Lower Sorbian grad.

NB: No information yet for Macedonian.

Bulgarian
град
Meaning:
  1. town
  2. hail
Map
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Wikibook
Belarusian
град (Syn.: горад)
Meaning:
  1. town
  2. hail
Bulgarian
град
Meaning in Bosnian:
  1. town
  2. grad / hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Bosnian
grad
Meaning:
  1. town
  2. hail
Bulgarian
град
Meaning in Croatian:
  1. town
  2. grad / hail
Map
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List
Wikibook
Croatian
grad
Meaning:
  1. town
  2. hail
Bulgarian
град
Meaning in Czech:
  1. město / town
  2. krupobití / hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Czech
hrad
Meaning:
  • fortress
Bulgarian
град
Meaning:
  1. town
  2. hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Kashubian
I.   gard
Meaning:
  • town
II.  grôdMeaning:
  • hail
Bulgarian
град
Meaning in Polish:
  1. miasto / town
  2. grad / hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Polish
I.   grad
Meaning:
  • hail
II.  gródMeaning:
  1. fortress
  2. town
Bulgarian
град
Meaning in Russian:
  1. town
  2. град / hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Russian
I.   град
Meaning:
  1. town
  2. hail
II.  городMeaning:
  • town
Bulgarian
град
Meaning in Serbian:
  1. town
  2. град / hail
Map
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List
Wikibook
Serbian
град
Meaning:
  1. town
  2. hail
Bulgarian
град
Meaning:
  1. town
  2. hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Slovak
hrad
Meaning:
  • fortress
Bulgarian
град
Meaning in Slovenian:
  1. mesto / town
  2. toča / hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Slovenian
grad
Meaning:
  1. fortress
  2. castle
Bulgarian
град
Meaning:
  1. town
  2. hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Lower Sorbian
I.   grad
Meaning:
  1. hail
  2. degree
II.  grodMeaning:
  • fortress
Bulgarian
град
Meaning:
  1. town
  2. hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Upper Sorbian
hród
Meaning:
  • fortress
Bulgarian
град
Meaning:
  1. town
  2. hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Ukrainian
град
Meaning:
  • hail

Semasiological Map for *gorodъ < *gordъ

*gorodъ < *gordъ

Meanings:

‘fortress’
‘town’
‘hail’
‘castle’
‘degree’
no such word
no information yet
*gorodъ < *gordъ
Meanings
fortress town hail castle degree
Russian град++
Russian город+
Ukrainian град+
Belarusian град++
Polish grad+
Polish gród++
Kashubian gard+
Kashubian grôd+
Lower Sorbian grad++
Lower Sorbian grod+
Upper Sorbian hród+
Czech hrad+
Slovak hrad+
Slovenian grad++
Croatian grad++
Bosnian grad++
Serbian град++
Bulgarian град++
Meanings fortress town hail castle degree

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