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False Friends in Slavic Languages


Include Slavic and English annotation in result: meanings, synonyms, grammar, comments

Czech ‘hrad’

The database knows following meanings of the Czech word ‘hrad’:

  • fortress

Semasiological map for ‘*gorodъ < *gordъ’

The database has information related to this term for Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Kashubian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovenian, Lower Sorbian, Upper Sorbian and Ukrainian.

Czech ‘hrad’:

  • The Czech meaning ‘fortress’ is shared by Polish gród, Slovak hrad, Slovenian grad, Lower Sorbian grod and Upper Sorbian hród.
  • The meaning ‘town’ (not present in Czech ‘hrad’, translated as ‘město’) is attested in Belarusian горад, Belarusian град, Bosnian grad, Bulgarian град, Croatian grad, Kashubian gard, Polish gród, Russian град, Russian город and Serbian град.
  • The meaning ‘hail’ (not present in Czech ‘hrad’, translated as ‘krupobití’) is attested in Belarusian горад, Belarusian град, Bosnian grad, Bulgarian град, Croatian grad, Kashubian grôd, Polish grad, Russian град, Serbian град, Lower Sorbian grad and Ukrainian град.
  • The meaning ‘castle’ (not present in Czech ‘hrad’) is attested in Slovenian grad.
  • The meaning ‘degree’ (not present in Czech ‘hrad’) is attested in Lower Sorbian grad.

NB: No information yet for Macedonian.

Czech
hrad
Meaning:
  • fortress
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Belarusian
град (Syn.: горад)
Meaning in Czech:
  1. město / town
  2. krupobití / hail
Czech
hrad
Meaning in Bosnian:
  • tvrđava, utvrđenje / fortress
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Bosnian
grad
Meaning in Czech:
  1. město / town
  2. krupobití / hail
Czech
hrad
Meaning:
  • fortress
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Bulgarian
град
Meaning in Czech:
  1. město / town
  2. krupobití / hail
Czech
hrad
Meaning in Croatian:
  • tvrđava, utvrđenje / fortress
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Croatian
grad
Meaning in Czech:
  1. město / town
  2. krupobití / hail
Czech
hrad
Meaning:
  • fortress
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Kashubian
I.   gard
Meaning in Czech:
  • město / town
II.  grôdMeaning in Czech:
  • krupobití / hail
Czech
hrad
Meaning in Polish:
  • twierdza, forteca / fortress
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Polish
I.   grad
Meaning in Czech:
  • krupobití / hail
II.  gródMeaning in Czech:
  1. fortress
  2. město / town
Czech
hrad
Meaning in Russian:
  • крепость / fortress
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Russian
I.   град
Meaning in Czech:
  1. město / town
  2. krupobití / hail
II.  городMeaning in Czech:
  • město / town
Czech
hrad
Meaning in Serbian:
  • тврђава, утврђење / fortress
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Serbian
град
Meaning in Czech:
  1. město / town
  2. krupobití / hail
Czech
hrad
Meaning:
  • fortress
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Slovak
hrad
Meaning:
  • fortress
Czech
hrad
Meaning:
  • fortress
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Slovenian
grad
Meaning:
  1. fortress
  2. castle
Czech
hrad
Meaning:
  • fortress
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Lower Sorbian
I.   grad
Meaning in Czech:
  1. krupobití / hail
  2. degree
II.  grodMeaning:
  • fortress
Czech
hrad
Meaning:
  • fortress
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Upper Sorbian
hród
Meaning:
  • fortress
Czech
hrad
Meaning:
  • fortress
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Ukrainian
град
Meaning in Czech:
  • krupobití / hail

Semasiological Map for *gorodъ < *gordъ

*gorodъ < *gordъ

Meanings:

‘fortress’
‘town’
‘hail’
‘castle’
‘degree’
no such word
no information yet
*gorodъ < *gordъ
Meanings
fortress town hail castle degree
Russian град++
Russian город+
Ukrainian град+
Belarusian град++
Polish grad+
Polish gród++
Kashubian gard+
Kashubian grôd+
Lower Sorbian grad++
Lower Sorbian grod+
Upper Sorbian hród+
Czech hrad+
Slovak hrad+
Slovenian grad++
Croatian grad++
Bosnian grad++
Serbian град++
Bulgarian град++
Meanings fortress town hail castle degree

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