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False Friends in Slavic Languages


Include Slavic and English annotation in result: meanings, synonyms, grammar, comments

Polish ‘grad’

The database knows following meanings of the Polish word ‘grad’:

  • hail
See also: gród

Semasiological map for ‘*gorodъ < *gordъ’

The database has information related to this term for Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Kashubian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovenian, Lower Sorbian, Upper Sorbian and Ukrainian.

Polish ‘grad’:

  • The Polish meaning ‘hail’ is shared by Belarusian горад, Belarusian град, Bosnian grad, Bulgarian град, Croatian grad, Kashubian grôd, Russian град, Serbian град, Lower Sorbian grad and Ukrainian град.
  • The meaning ‘fortress’ (not present in Polish ‘grad’, translated as ‘twierdza, forteca’) is attested in Czech hrad, Polish gród, Slovak hrad, Slovenian grad, Lower Sorbian grod and Upper Sorbian hród.
  • The meaning ‘town’ (not present in Polish ‘grad’, translated as ‘miasto’) is attested in Belarusian горад, Belarusian град, Bosnian grad, Bulgarian град, Croatian grad, Kashubian gard, Polish gród, Russian град, Russian город and Serbian град.
  • The meaning ‘castle’ (not present in Polish ‘grad’) is attested in Slovenian grad.
  • The meaning ‘degree’ (not present in Polish ‘grad’) is attested in Lower Sorbian grad.

NB: No information yet for Macedonian.

Polish
grad
See also: gród
Meaning:
  • hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Belarusian
град (Syn.: горад)
Meaning in Polish:
  1. miasto / town
  2. grad / hail
Polish
grad
See also: gród
Meaning in Bosnian:
  • grad / hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Bosnian
grad
Meaning in Polish:
  1. miasto / town
  2. grad / hail
Polish
grad
See also: gród
Meaning:
  • hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Bulgarian
град
Meaning in Polish:
  1. miasto / town
  2. grad / hail
Polish
grad
See also: gród
Meaning in Croatian:
  • grad / hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Croatian
grad
Meaning in Polish:
  1. miasto / town
  2. grad / hail
Polish
grad
See also: gród
Meaning in Czech:
  • krupobití / hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Czech
hrad
Meaning in Polish:
  • twierdza, forteca / fortress
Polish
grad
See also: gród
Meaning:
  • hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Kashubian
I.   gard
Meaning in Polish:
  • miasto / town
II.  grôdMeaning in Polish:
  • grad / hail
Polish
grad
See also: gród
Meaning in Russian:
  • град / hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Russian
I.   град
Meaning in Polish:
  1. miasto / town
  2. grad / hail
II.  городMeaning in Polish:
  • miasto / town
Polish
grad
See also: gród
Meaning in Serbian:
  • град / hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Serbian
град
Meaning in Polish:
  1. miasto / town
  2. grad / hail
Polish
grad
See also: gród
Meaning:
  • hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Slovak
hrad
Meaning in Polish:
  • twierdza, forteca / fortress
Polish
grad
See also: gród
Meaning in Slovenian:
  • toča / hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Slovenian
grad
Meaning in Polish:
  1. twierdza, forteca / fortress
  2. castle
Polish
grad
See also: gród
Meaning:
  • hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Lower Sorbian
I.   grad
Meaning in Polish:
  1. grad / hail
  2. degree
II.  grodMeaning in Polish:
  • twierdza, forteca / fortress
Polish
grad
See also: gród
Meaning:
  • hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Upper Sorbian
hród
Meaning in Polish:
  • twierdza, forteca / fortress
Polish
grad
See also: gród
Meaning:
  • hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Ukrainian
град
Meaning in Polish:
  • grad / hail

Semasiological Map for *gorodъ < *gordъ

*gorodъ < *gordъ

Meanings:

‘fortress’
‘town’
‘hail’
‘castle’
‘degree’
no such word
no information yet
*gorodъ < *gordъ
Meanings
fortress town hail castle degree
Russian град++
Russian город+
Ukrainian град+
Belarusian град++
Polish grad+
Polish gród++
Kashubian gard+
Kashubian grôd+
Lower Sorbian grad++
Lower Sorbian grod+
Upper Sorbian hród+
Czech hrad+
Slovak hrad+
Slovenian grad++
Croatian grad++
Bosnian grad++
Serbian град++
Bulgarian град++
Meanings fortress town hail castle degree

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