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False Friends in Slavic Languages


Include Slavic and English annotation in result: meanings, synonyms, grammar, comments

Ukrainian ‘град’

The database knows following meanings of the Ukrainian word ‘град’:

  • hail

Semasiological map for ‘*gorodъ < *gordъ’

The database has information related to this term for Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Kashubian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovenian, Lower Sorbian and Upper Sorbian.

Ukrainian ‘град’:

  • The Ukrainian meaning ‘hail’ is shared by Belarusian горад, Belarusian град, Bosnian grad, Bulgarian град, Croatian grad, Kashubian grôd, Polish grad, Russian град, Serbian град and Lower Sorbian grad.
  • The meaning ‘fortress’ (not present in Ukrainian ‘град’) is attested in Czech hrad, Polish gród, Slovak hrad, Slovenian grad, Lower Sorbian grod and Upper Sorbian hród.
  • The meaning ‘town’ (not present in Ukrainian ‘град’) is attested in Belarusian горад, Belarusian град, Bosnian grad, Bulgarian град, Croatian grad, Kashubian gard, Polish gród, Russian град, Russian город and Serbian град.
  • The meaning ‘castle’ (not present in Ukrainian ‘град’) is attested in Slovenian grad.
  • The meaning ‘degree’ (not present in Ukrainian ‘град’) is attested in Lower Sorbian grad.

NB: No information yet for Macedonian.

Ukrainian
град
Meaning:
  • hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Belarusian
град (Syn.: горад)
Meaning:
  1. town
  2. hail
Ukrainian
град
Meaning in Bosnian:
  • grad / hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Bosnian
grad
Meaning:
  1. town
  2. hail
Ukrainian
град
Meaning:
  • hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Bulgarian
град
Meaning:
  1. town
  2. hail
Ukrainian
град
Meaning in Croatian:
  • grad / hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Croatian
grad
Meaning:
  1. town
  2. hail
Ukrainian
град
Meaning in Czech:
  • krupobití / hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Czech
hrad
Meaning:
  • fortress
Ukrainian
град
Meaning:
  • hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Kashubian
I.   gard
Meaning:
  • town
II.  grôdMeaning:
  • hail
Ukrainian
град
Meaning in Polish:
  • grad / hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Polish
I.   grad
Meaning:
  • hail
II.  gródMeaning:
  1. fortress
  2. town
Ukrainian
град
Meaning in Russian:
  • град / hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Russian
I.   град
Meaning:
  1. town
  2. hail
II.  городMeaning:
  • town
Ukrainian
град
Meaning in Serbian:
  • град / hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Serbian
град
Meaning:
  1. town
  2. hail
Ukrainian
град
Meaning:
  • hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Slovak
hrad
Meaning:
  • fortress
Ukrainian
град
Meaning in Slovenian:
  • toča / hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Slovenian
grad
Meaning:
  1. fortress
  2. castle
Ukrainian
град
Meaning:
  • hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Lower Sorbian
I.   grad
Meaning:
  1. hail
  2. degree
II.  grodMeaning:
  • fortress
Ukrainian
град
Meaning:
  • hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Upper Sorbian
hród
Meaning:
  • fortress

Semasiological Map for *gorodъ < *gordъ

*gorodъ < *gordъ

Meanings:

‘fortress’
‘town’
‘hail’
‘castle’
‘degree’
no such word
no information yet
*gorodъ < *gordъ
Meanings
fortress town hail castle degree
Russian град++
Russian город+
Ukrainian град+
Belarusian град++
Polish grad+
Polish gród++
Kashubian gard+
Kashubian grôd+
Lower Sorbian grad++
Lower Sorbian grod+
Upper Sorbian hród+
Czech hrad+
Slovak hrad+
Slovenian grad++
Croatian grad++
Bosnian grad++
Serbian град++
Bulgarian град++
Meanings fortress town hail castle degree

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