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False Friends in Slavic Languages


Include Slavic and English annotation in result: meanings, synonyms, grammar, comments

Russian ‘город’

The database knows following meanings of the Russian word ‘город’:

  • town
See also: град

Semasiological map for ‘*gorodъ < *gordъ’

The database has information related to this term for Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Kashubian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovenian, Lower Sorbian, Upper Sorbian and Ukrainian.

Russian ‘город’:

  • The Russian meaning ‘town’ is shared by Belarusian горад, Belarusian град, Bosnian grad, Bulgarian град, Croatian grad, Kashubian gard, Polish gród and Serbian град.
  • The meaning ‘fortress’ (not present in Russian ‘город’, translated as ‘крепость’) is attested in Czech hrad, Polish gród, Slovak hrad, Slovenian grad, Lower Sorbian grod and Upper Sorbian hród.
  • The meaning ‘hail’ (not present in Russian ‘город’, translated as ‘град’) is attested in Belarusian горад, Belarusian град, Bosnian grad, Bulgarian град, Croatian grad, Kashubian grôd, Polish grad, Russian град, Serbian град, Lower Sorbian grad and Ukrainian град.
  • The meaning ‘castle’ (not present in Russian ‘город’) is attested in Slovenian grad.
  • The meaning ‘degree’ (not present in Russian ‘город’) is attested in Lower Sorbian grad.

NB: No information yet for Macedonian.

Russian
город
See also: град
Meaning:
  • town
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Belarusian
град (Syn.: горад)
Meaning in Russian:
  1. town
  2. град / hail
Russian
город
See also: град
Meaning:
  • town
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Bosnian
grad
Meaning in Russian:
  1. town
  2. град / hail
Russian
город
See also: град
Meaning:
  • town
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Bulgarian
град
Meaning in Russian:
  1. town
  2. град / hail
Russian
город
See also: град
Meaning:
  • town
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Croatian
grad
Meaning in Russian:
  1. town
  2. град / hail
Russian
город
See also: град
Meaning in Czech:
  • město / town
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Czech
hrad
Meaning in Russian:
  • крепость / fortress
Russian
город
See also: град
Meaning:
  • town
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Kashubian
I.   gard
Meaning:
  • town
II.  grôdMeaning in Russian:
  • град / hail
Russian
город
See also: град
Meaning in Polish:
  • miasto / town
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Polish
I.   grad
Meaning in Russian:
  • град / hail
II.  gródMeaning in Russian:
  1. крепость / fortress
  2. town
Russian
город
See also: град
Meaning:
  • town
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Serbian
град
Meaning in Russian:
  1. town
  2. град / hail
Russian
город
See also: град
Meaning:
  • town
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Slovak
hrad
Meaning in Russian:
  • крепость / fortress
Russian
город
See also: град
Meaning in Slovenian:
  • mesto / town
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Slovenian
grad
Meaning in Russian:
  1. крепость / fortress
  2. castle
Russian
город
See also: град
Meaning:
  • town
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Lower Sorbian
I.   grad
Meaning in Russian:
  1. град / hail
  2. degree
II.  grodMeaning in Russian:
  • крепость / fortress
Russian
город
See also: град
Meaning:
  • town
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Upper Sorbian
hród
Meaning in Russian:
  • крепость / fortress
Russian
город
See also: град
Meaning:
  • town
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Ukrainian
град
Meaning in Russian:
  • град / hail

Semasiological Map for *gorodъ < *gordъ

*gorodъ < *gordъ

Meanings:

‘fortress’
‘town’
‘hail’
‘castle’
‘degree’
no such word
no information yet
*gorodъ < *gordъ
Meanings
fortress town hail castle degree
Russian град++
Russian город+
Ukrainian град+
Belarusian град++
Polish grad+
Polish gród++
Kashubian gard+
Kashubian grôd+
Lower Sorbian grad++
Lower Sorbian grod+
Upper Sorbian hród+
Czech hrad+
Slovak hrad+
Slovenian grad++
Croatian grad++
Bosnian grad++
Serbian град++
Bulgarian град++
Meanings fortress town hail castle degree

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