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False Friends in Slavic Languages


Include Slavic and English annotation in result: meanings, synonyms, grammar, comments

Russian ‘град’

The database knows following meanings of the Russian word ‘град’:

  • town
  • hail
See also: город

Semasiological map for ‘*gorodъ < *gordъ’

The database has information related to this term for Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Kashubian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovenian, Lower Sorbian, Upper Sorbian and Ukrainian.

Russian ‘град’:

  • The Russian meaning ‘town’ is shared by Belarusian горад, Belarusian град, Bosnian grad, Bulgarian град, Croatian grad, Kashubian gard, Polish gród and Serbian град.
  • The Russian meaning ‘hail’ is shared by Belarusian горад, Belarusian град, Bosnian grad, Bulgarian град, Croatian grad, Kashubian grôd, Polish grad, Serbian град, Lower Sorbian grad and Ukrainian град.
  • The meaning ‘fortress’ (not present in Russian ‘град’, translated as ‘крепость’) is attested in Czech hrad, Polish gród, Slovak hrad, Slovenian grad, Lower Sorbian grod and Upper Sorbian hród.
  • The meaning ‘castle’ (not present in Russian ‘град’) is attested in Slovenian grad.
  • The meaning ‘degree’ (not present in Russian ‘град’) is attested in Lower Sorbian grad.

NB: No information yet for Macedonian.

Russian
град
See also: город
Meaning:
  1. town
  2. hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Belarusian
град (Syn.: горад)
Meaning in Russian:
  1. town
  2. град / hail
Russian
град
See also: город
Meaning in Bosnian:
  1. town
  2. grad / hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Bosnian
grad
Meaning in Russian:
  1. town
  2. град / hail
Russian
град
See also: город
Meaning:
  1. town
  2. hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Bulgarian
град
Meaning in Russian:
  1. town
  2. град / hail
Russian
град
See also: город
Meaning in Croatian:
  1. town
  2. grad / hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Croatian
grad
Meaning in Russian:
  1. town
  2. град / hail
Russian
град
See also: город
Meaning in Czech:
  1. město / town
  2. krupobití / hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Czech
hrad
Meaning in Russian:
  • крепость / fortress
Russian
град
See also: город
Meaning:
  1. town
  2. hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Kashubian
I.   gard
Meaning:
  • town
II.  grôdMeaning in Russian:
  • град / hail
Russian
град
See also: город
Meaning in Polish:
  1. miasto / town
  2. grad / hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Polish
I.   grad
Meaning in Russian:
  • град / hail
II.  gródMeaning in Russian:
  1. крепость / fortress
  2. town
Russian
град
See also: город
Meaning in Serbian:
  1. town
  2. град / hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Serbian
град
Meaning in Russian:
  1. town
  2. град / hail
Russian
град
See also: город
Meaning:
  1. town
  2. hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Slovak
hrad
Meaning in Russian:
  • крепость / fortress
Russian
град
See also: город
Meaning in Slovenian:
  1. mesto / town
  2. toča / hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Slovenian
grad
Meaning in Russian:
  1. крепость / fortress
  2. castle
Russian
град
See also: город
Meaning:
  1. town
  2. hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Lower Sorbian
I.   grad
Meaning in Russian:
  1. град / hail
  2. degree
II.  grodMeaning in Russian:
  • крепость / fortress
Russian
град
See also: город
Meaning:
  1. town
  2. hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Upper Sorbian
hród
Meaning in Russian:
  • крепость / fortress
Russian
град
See also: город
Meaning:
  1. town
  2. hail
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Ukrainian
град
Meaning in Russian:
  • град / hail

Semasiological Map for *gorodъ < *gordъ

*gorodъ < *gordъ

Meanings:

‘fortress’
‘town’
‘hail’
‘castle’
‘degree’
no such word
no information yet
*gorodъ < *gordъ
Meanings
fortress town hail castle degree
Russian град++
Russian город+
Ukrainian град+
Belarusian град++
Polish grad+
Polish gród++
Kashubian gard+
Kashubian grôd+
Lower Sorbian grad++
Lower Sorbian grod+
Upper Sorbian hród+
Czech hrad+
Slovak hrad+
Slovenian grad++
Croatian grad++
Bosnian grad++
Serbian град++
Bulgarian град++
Meanings fortress town hail castle degree

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