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False Friends in Slavic Languages


Include Slavic and English annotation in result: meanings, synonyms, grammar, comments

Kashubian ‘gard’

The database knows following meanings of the Kashubian word ‘gard’:

  • town
See also: grôd

Semasiological map for ‘*gorodъ < *gordъ’

The database has information related to this term for Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Kashubian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovenian, Lower Sorbian, Upper Sorbian and Ukrainian.

Kashubian ‘gard’:

  • The Kashubian meaning ‘town’ is shared by Belarusian горад, Belarusian град, Bosnian grad, Bulgarian град, Croatian grad, Polish gród, Russian град, Russian город and Serbian град.
  • The meaning ‘fortress’ (not present in Kashubian ‘gard’) is attested in Czech hrad, Polish gród, Slovak hrad, Slovenian grad, Lower Sorbian grod and Upper Sorbian hród.
  • The meaning ‘hail’ (not present in Kashubian ‘gard’) is attested in Belarusian горад, Belarusian град, Bosnian grad, Bulgarian град, Croatian grad, Kashubian grôd, Polish grad, Russian град, Serbian град, Lower Sorbian grad and Ukrainian град.
  • The meaning ‘castle’ (not present in Kashubian ‘gard’) is attested in Slovenian grad.
  • The meaning ‘degree’ (not present in Kashubian ‘gard’) is attested in Lower Sorbian grad.

NB: No information yet for Macedonian.

Kashubian
gard
See also: grôd
Meaning:
  • town
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Belarusian
град (Syn.: горад)
Meaning:
  1. town
  2. hail
Kashubian
gard
See also: grôd
Meaning:
  • town
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Bosnian
grad
Meaning:
  1. town
  2. hail
Kashubian
gard
See also: grôd
Meaning:
  • town
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Bulgarian
град
Meaning:
  1. town
  2. hail
Kashubian
gard
See also: grôd
Meaning:
  • town
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Croatian
grad
Meaning:
  1. town
  2. hail
Kashubian
gard
See also: grôd
Meaning in Czech:
  • město / town
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Czech
hrad
Meaning:
  • fortress
Kashubian
gard
See also: grôd
Meaning in Polish:
  • miasto / town
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Polish
I.   grad
Meaning:
  • hail
II.  gródMeaning:
  1. fortress
  2. town
Kashubian
gard
See also: grôd
Meaning:
  • town
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Russian
I.   град
Meaning:
  1. town
  2. hail
II.  городMeaning:
  • town
Kashubian
gard
See also: grôd
Meaning:
  • town
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Serbian
град
Meaning:
  1. town
  2. hail
Kashubian
gard
See also: grôd
Meaning:
  • town
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Slovak
hrad
Meaning:
  • fortress
Kashubian
gard
See also: grôd
Meaning in Slovenian:
  • mesto / town
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Slovenian
grad
Meaning:
  1. fortress
  2. castle
Kashubian
gard
See also: grôd
Meaning:
  • town
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Lower Sorbian
I.   grad
Meaning:
  1. hail
  2. degree
II.  grodMeaning:
  • fortress
Kashubian
gard
See also: grôd
Meaning:
  • town
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Upper Sorbian
hród
Meaning:
  • fortress
Kashubian
gard
See also: grôd
Meaning:
  • town
Map
Bibliography
List
Wikibook
Ukrainian
град
Meaning:
  • hail

Semasiological Map for *gorodъ < *gordъ

*gorodъ < *gordъ

Meanings:

‘fortress’
‘town’
‘hail’
‘castle’
‘degree’
no such word
no information yet
*gorodъ < *gordъ
Meanings
fortress town hail castle degree
Russian град++
Russian город+
Ukrainian град+
Belarusian град++
Polish grad+
Polish gród++
Kashubian gard+
Kashubian grôd+
Lower Sorbian grad++
Lower Sorbian grod+
Upper Sorbian hród+
Czech hrad+
Slovak hrad+
Slovenian grad++
Croatian grad++
Bosnian grad++
Serbian град++
Bulgarian град++
Meanings fortress town hail castle degree

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